To develop the Community Readiness and Resilience (CRR) Strategic Framework and guidance

  • Abrahams, Jonathan (Primary Chief Investigator (PCI))
  • Humphrey, Alistair (Associate Investigator (AI))
  • Nuggehalli Krishna, Revathi (Associate Investigator (AI))
  • Sheppard, Dianne (Associate Investigator (AI))
  • Rakesh, Ankur (Associate Investigator (AI))

Project: Research

Project Details

Project Description

Health emergencies begin and end in communities. Emergency events from infectious disease outbreaks arise at very local levels and the collective action of those affected plays a critical role in the trajectory of these events. Local communities are also directly and immediately impacted by emergencies caused by natural disasters. Community resilience relates to the community's ability to adapt in the face of these events, to recover and to effectively restore essential functions in order to meet the needs of their members. As health emergencies around the world are increasing in size, scale and scope, there is an urgent need to strengthen local systems of readiness and resilience to tackles these health threats. A critical question for WHO involves defining the scope of our policies, strategies, approaches and operational modalities related to Community Readiness and Resilience (CRR) to health emergencies as per WHO mandate and areas of work. WHO works with member states to improve health for all and to protect populations from health emergencies through promoting equitable, inclusive and coherent global public health policies, advancing norms and standards setting, working in partnership, providing technical assistance and capacity building, and driving excellence in research, monitoring and evaluation.
Based on hard won lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic, WHO has embarked on a new initiative to strengthen the global architecture for health emergency preparedness, response and resilience (HEPR), underpinned by five interconnected subsystems. Community protection is one of these interlinked subsystems. In the context of HEPR, community protection refers to community-centred readiness and response actions that centre the experiences and realities of affected communities and strengthen resilience. HEPR defines the capabilities, operational models, and resources needed to deliver this architecture, based on an understanding of existing key activities, lessons learnt, areas for accelerated development, and gaps. These strategic developments provide important framing for community readiness and resilience. Technical teams have also conducted substantive formative and foundational work to scope and define key concepts such as readiness and resilience. This work includes evidence syntheses and lessons learned from multiple concurrent responses to health emergencies, including COVID-19, mpox, conflict in Ukraine, earthquakes in Turkey and Syria, Sudan ebolavirus and others working in partnership with multiple stakeholders, including partner agencies, Civil Society Organisations and front-line responders.
Underpinned by key values of equity, inclusivity and coherence, the CRR strategic framework will shape and detail key dimension of the Community Protection subsystem and interdependencies across other HEPR subsystems to drive excellence in community-centred approaches to health emergencies that build and strengthen community readiness and resilience for current and future shocks.
Effective start/end date10/07/2320/12/23


  • Community Readiness
  • Resilience
  • Health emergencies
  • Emergency Preparedness
  • Emergency response