There is an urgent need to predict and understand the responses of species to environmental change, especially climate change. Predictions should be based on mechanistic evolutionary understanding, rather than correlations, because future environments will be novel and species will evolve. Yet we lack a comprehensive evolutionary approach for spatially explicit predictions of environmental change impacts on species. I will integrate existing, but limited, approaches for capturing environmental data and the evolutionary potential of organisms in a spatially explicit context. This will provide a powerful and general tool for predicting the impact of current and future environmental change on the distribution and abundance of organisms.