Australia is experiencing an urban waste crisis. Long-term solutions require new strategies to reduce waste generation and, to be effective, these will need the engagement and active participation of households. This project examines the capacity for experimentation and innovation in households for transitioning to low waste cities. It integrates studies of demographic profiles of household waste generation, co-designed policy rationales and household low waste experiments to propose realistic pathways for decreasing waste generation. The research outcomes are critical for understanding and supporting low waste transition pathways. The knowledge developed will support urban sustainability transitions in Australia and internationally.