Societies emerging from civil conflict bear cultural resources that should be harnessed by attempts to build the peace - but how can this be achieved? This project aims to create a framework for cultural competence in promoting peace in societies emerging from violent conflict. The objectives are: document transformations of Cambodian traditional healing; explore consequences of erosion of culture; explore the potential to revitalise it and enhance cultural competence of health systems dealing with the consequences of conflict; and create a digital library as a resource for programs. This is the first to investigate how healers might help contain and transform new forms of violence. The framework can be applied to other settings.