There is currently an intensive research effort in cognitive neuroscience dedicated to uncovering the neural basis of consciousness. Two fundamentally different research approaches can be discerned: one approach is focused on particular conscious states such as perceiving a face or a house, and the other approach on whether the creature is at all conscious or not. There is good reason to think that on their own these approaches are not able to reveal the neural basis of consciousness. Methodological and conceptual considerations show that state consciousness and creature consciousness must instead be tackled together. This project aims to provide the philosophical framework necessary for developing such novel, unified research approaches.