We will investigate the development in professional scientists of an awareness that their work as scientists brings them into a relationship with broader society. Areas of interest include the manner in which they frame such a relationship, and the role played by their schooling in developing these views. This relationship has not previously been explored; in particular, it has not been examined for its possible implications for school science education. The expected outcome is a fresh perspective from which to consider a key issue in science curriculum: how to provide for both intending scientist and future scientific laity in the same classroom. Significant recommmendations will be developed for science curriculum across Australia.