Uwe Proske

Emeritus Prof

19972018
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Personal profile

Biography

Uwe Proske obtained his PhD in 1968 under the supervision of A.K. McIntyre, the Foundation Professor of Physiology at Monash. He was appointed to a lectureship in 1974, became a Reader in 1984, was appointed to a Personal Chair in Physiology in 1994 and was made a Member of the Order of Australia, O.A.M., in 2006, for his services to medical research.

Current Research Interests

For most of his career, Uwe Proske's research has focussed on the sense organs in mammalian muscle, the muscle spindle and tendon organ. More recently Uwe has concentrated on research in a number of areas of Sport and Exercise Physiology as detailed below;

Hamstring Injury
Recently an aspect of the laboratory's research has been on a common soft-tissue injury, the hamstring strain. Identifying muscle mechanical measurements that can highlight an athlete's susceptibility to this injury is of major interest. Here the main hypothesis is that damage from eccentric exercise is a precursor event that may lead to a strain injury.

Warm-Up
The effect of warm-up exercises on the soreness from eccentric exercise has been studied. Given that most athletes carry out routine warm-up and as yet there is no scientific basis for its effects, this is a research area of great interest. It seems that warm-up relates to a property of all striated muscle, its thixotropy,,that stiffens muscle after a prolonged period of inactivity.

Exercise, Proprioception and Muscle Pain
Studies carried out in Uwe's laboratory have shown that after all forms of intense exercise, including both eccentric and concentric exercise, subjects have a disturbed limb position sense. Where is my arm when I cannot see it? The disturbance is believed to arise in the brain, perhaps as a result of chemicals released in association with the exercise.

Rehabilitation exercise after injury
In view of the soreness and pain produced by some forms of exercise, there has been a search for exercise that minimises movement and produces no soreness, suitable for the rehabilitating athlete. Isometric exercise is a candidate, but care must be taken to restrict contractions to short muscle lengths, where exercise-induced damage is unlikely.

Research area keywords

  • Eccentric exercise
  • Hamstring injury
  • Muscle receptors
  • Proprioception

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Projects 2001 2006

Research Output 1997 2018

4 Citations (Scopus)

Muscle damage produced by isometric contractions in human elbow flexors

Allen, T. J., Jones, T., Tsay, A., Morgan, D. L. & Proske, U., 1 Feb 2018, In : Journal of Applied Physiology. 124, 2, p. 388-399 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Position sense at the human elbow joint measured by arm matching or pointing

Tsay, A., Allen, T. J. & Proske, U., 1 Oct 2016, In : Experimental Brain Research. 234, 10, p. 2787-2798 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Proprioception: The sense within

Proske, U. & Gandevia, S. C., 1 Sep 2016, In : Scientist. 30, 9

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

Open Access
17 Citations (Scopus)

The sensory origins of human position sense

Tsay, A. J., Giummarra, M. J., Allen, T. J. & Proske, U., Feb 2016, In : The Journal of Physiology. 594, 4, p. 1037-1049 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Position sense at the human forearm after conditioning elbow muscles with isometric contractions

Tsay, A., Allen, T. J. & Proske, U., 2015, In : Experimental Brain Research. 233, 9, p. 2635 - 2643 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review