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Personal profile


I am currently a Lecturer (Climate) at Monash University in the School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment. My research straddles the boundary of theory, observations and modelling and seeks to understand climate variability and change, with a primary focus on the Australasian region. To date, my research has focused on:

  • El Nino-Southern Oscillation dynamics and predictability
  • Pacific Basin decadal variability
  • Paleo-climate reconstructions
  • Interbasin connectivity
  • sea level variability and rise

Related Links:

Monash teaching commitment

ATS2779 -Climate Change and Variability

Research area keywords

  • El Nino-Southern Oscillation
  • dynamics
  • predictability
  • tropical oceanography
  • Paleo-climate
  • SSH

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2017 2022

Research Output 2004 2019

Author Correction: El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity (Nature, (2018), 559, 7715, (535-545), 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6)

Timmermann, A., An, S. I., Kug, J. S., Jin, F. F., Cai, W., Capotondi, A., Cobb, K. M., Lengaigne, M., McPhaden, M. J., Stuecker, M. F., Stein, K., Wittenberg, A. T., Yun, K. S., Bayr, T., Chen, H. C., Chikamoto, Y., Dewitte, B., Dommenget, D., Grothe, P., Guilyardi, E. & 25 others, Ham, Y. G., Hayashi, M., Ineson, S., Kang, D., Kim, S., Kim, W. M., Lee, J. Y., Li, T., Luo, J. J., McGregor, S., Planton, Y., Power, S., Rashid, H., Ren, H. L., Santoso, A., Takahashi, K., Todd, A., Wang, G., Wang, G., Xie, R., Yang, W. H., Yeh, S. W., Yoon, J., Zeller, E. & Zhang, X., 7 Mar 2019, In : Nature. 567, 7746, p. E3 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment / DebateOtherpeer-review

Open Access
3 Citations (Scopus)

Contribution of tropical instability waves to ENSO irregularity

Holmes, R. M., McGregor, S., Santoso, A. & England, M. H., 15 Feb 2019, In : Climate Dynamics. 52, 3-4, p. 1837-1855 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Dynamics and predictability of El Niño-Southern oscillation: An Australian perspective on progress and challenges

Santoso, A., Hendon, H., Watkins, A., Power, S., Dommenget, D., England, M. H., Frankcombe, L., Holbrook, N. J., Holmes, R., Hope, P., Lim, E. P., Luo, J. J., McGregor, S., Neske, S., Nguyen, H., Pepler, A., Rashid, H., Gupta, A. S., Taschetto, A. S., Wang, G. & 5 others, Abellán, E., Sullivan, A., Huguenin, M. F., Gamble, F. & Delage, F., 1 Mar 2019, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 100, 3, p. 403-420 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Pantropical climate interactions

Cai, W., Wu, L., Lengaigne, M., Li, T., McGregor, S., Kug, J. S., Yu, J. Y., Stuecker, M. F., Santoso, A., Li, X., Ham, Y. G., Chikamoto, Y., Ng, B., McPhaden, M. J., Du, Y., Dommenget, D., Jia, F., Kajtar, J. B., Keenlyside, N., Lin, X. & 14 others, Luo, J. J., Martín-Rey, M., Ruprich-Robert, Y., Wang, G., Xie, S. P., Yang, Y., Kang, S. M., Choi, J. Y., Gan, B., Kim, G-I., Kim, C. E., Kim, S., Kim, J. H. & Chang, P., 1 Jan 2019, In : Science. 363, 6430, 11 p., eaav4236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events

Harris, R. M. B., Beaumont, L. J., Vance, T. R., Tozer, C. R., Remenyi, T. A., Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S. E., Mitchell, P. J., Nicotra, A. B., McGregor, S., Andrew, N. R., Letnic, M., Kearney, M. R., Wernberg, T., Hutley, L. B., Chambers, L. E., Fletcher, M. S., Keatley, M. R., Woodward, C. A., Williamson, G., Duke, N. C. & 1 others, Bowman, D. M. J. S., 1 Jul 2018, In : Nature Climate Change. 8, 7, p. 579-587 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review