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Personal profile


Sandy is Professor of Tectonics and Geodynamics in the School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment, Faculty of Science.  Before moving to Monash University he was Professor and Chair, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Toronto.  Sandy was educated in Scotland (BSc Hons, University of Dundee) and Sweden (PhD, Uppsala University).



I currently consult for Nuclear Waste Management Organization (Canada) and serve on their Adaptive Phase Management - Geoscientific Review Group.

In the past I have consulted for:

  • Swedish Nuclear Fuels Ltd (SKB)
  • Voisey's Bay Nickel Co. (INCO)
  • Gartner Lee Ltd.
  • AECOM Ltd.
  • Azimuth Environmental Consulting Ltd.
  • Atomic Energy Canada Ltd.
  • Goldcorp Ltd.

Research interests

Sandy's research areas of interest are:

  • Experimental Tectonics (aka Analogue Modelling)
  • Rates and Dynamics of Magma Emplacement
  • Precambrian Tectonics
  • Intraplate Geodynamics
  • Magmatic Arc Tectonics
  • Pure and Applied Structural Geology

Supervision interests

I am actively seeking highly motivated students to work on challenging PhD projects in Experimental Tectonics (aka Analogue Modelling), structural controls on ore deposits and the mechanics of igneous intrusion. Projects can be laboratory or field focused or a mixture of both.

Monash teaching commitment

EAE 3511 Deformation of the Crust

EAE 2532 Field Geology

External positions

Professor, University of Toronto

Jul 1989Jul 2010

Research area keywords

  • Continental Tectonics
  • Experimental Tectonics
  • Fracture Analysis - Nuclear Waste Respositories
  • Magma Emplacement and Migration
  • Structural Controls on MIneralization
  • Structural Geology

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2012 2022

Magma transport dynamics and ore deposits

Cruden, S., Fiorentini, M., Barnes, S., Bunger, A. & Jackson, C.

Australian Research Council (ARC)


Project: Research

Enabling 3D stochastic geological modelling

Ailleres, L., Jessell, M., de Kemp, E. A., Caumon, G., Wellmann, J. F., Armit, R., Droniou, J., Lindsay, M. D., Cui, T., Betts, P., Cruden, S., Kemp, C., Gessner, K., Spampinato, G. P. T., Harrison, M. & Kessler, H.


Project: Research

Australian Virtual Experimental Laboratory: a multimode geoscience facility

Foley, S. F., Mavrogenes, J. A., Putnis, A., Brugger, J., Clark, S. M., O'Neill, S., Cruden, S. & Evans, K. A.

Macquarie University, Australian National University , Curtin University, Monash University


Project: Other

Research Output 1988 2019

2 Citations (Scopus)

Buckling of orogens: Insights from analogue modelling

Boutelier, D., Gagnon, L., Johnston, S. & Cruden, A., 2019, In : Journal of Structural Geology. 125, p. 213-217 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Evidence for dyke-parallel shear during syn-intrusion fracturing

Dering, G. M., Micklethwaite, S., Cruden, A. R., Barnes, S. J. & Fiorentini, M. L., 1 Feb 2019, In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 507, p. 119-130 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Extraction of high-resolution structural orientations from digital data: A Bayesian approach

Thiele, S. T., Grose, L. J., Cui, T., Micklethwaite, S. & Cruden, A. R., 1 May 2019, In : Journal of Structural Geology. 122, p. 106-115 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Review of drones, photogrammetry and emerging sensor technology for the study of dykes: best practises and future potential

Dering, G. M., Micklethwaite, S., Thiele, S. T., Vollgger, S. A. & Cruden, A. R., 15 Mar 2019, In : Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 373, p. 148-166 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

The influence of basement faults on local extension directions: Insights from potential field geophysics and field observations

Samsu, A. S., Cruden, A. R., Hall, W. D. M., Micklethwaite, S. & Denyszyn, S., 2019, In : Basin Research. 31, 4, p. 782-807 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Press / Media

How to talk to humans in a million years

Sandy Cruden


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Research