Research output per year

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Personal profile


Mr Ram Nataraja received his bachelor’s degree in Medicine and Surgery at the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, which later merged with University College London in the UK. During this time, he also obtained an intercalated bachelor’s degree in Molecular Medicine with Basic Clinical Sciences. After obtaining a postgraduate certificate of completion of training in Paediatric Surgery he worked for a couple of years in London as a Consultant at Chelsea & Westminster Hospital in London and an Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer at Imperial College London before emigrating to Australia. He is currently working as both a Paediatric Surgical Consultant and also the Director of Paediatric Surgical Simulation & Innovation at Monash Children’s Hospital in Melbourne. He has also been appointed a Senior Lecturer in Paediatrics at Monash University.


He has an interest in the minimally invasive techniques for both paediatric and neonatal surgery, including surgical robotics, and also in teaching and training. He has had clinical exposure to paediatric surgical robotics during his appointment at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, as this was the first UK center to have a Da VinciTM Robotic platform solely for paediatric surgery. This current robotic platform has limitations to its application in the paediatric setting, and he is keen to further develop and adapt this technology.


He has co-authored a Paediatric Textbook “Rapid Paediatrics & Child Health” published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing now in its second edition, as well as, numerous book chapters. He developed one of the first validated paediatric surgical laparoscopic bench trainers at Great Ormond Street Hospital in London over 10 years ago, and continues to be at the forefront of innovation in surgical simulation-based learning. The Paediatric Surgical Simulation Center in the new Monash Children’s Hospital is the largest paediatric center of its kind in Australasia, and will also have a significant role in the international development and integration of simulation into surgical training.  He has co-authored multiple different articles in peer-reviewed journals related to the minimally invasive technique for common paediatric surgical conditions and also surgical training.

He is a Member of the Academy of Surgical Educators at the Royal Australiasian College of Surgeons and also a Fellow of the Faculty of Surgical Trainers at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. 

He also has a strong interest in the use of simulation in transition countries and improving patient outcomes through educational reforms. He is the country lead for Myanmar in Monash Children’s Hospital International and has conducted 6 courses in country over the last few days. This work involves the Royal Australian College of Surgeons and also the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. All of this work is conducted with sustainability and therefore transition to local faculty conducting the courses themselves. He has also acted as a temporary advisor to the World Health Organisation for the use of simulation in educational reforms in 2018.

External positions

Temporary Advisor to the W.H.O on Simulation, WHO - World Health Organization Cambodia

23 Apr 201826 Apr 2018

Co-Chair of the MCH Simulation Service, Monash Children's Hospital

1 Mar 2016 → …

Director of Surgical Simulation, Monash Children's Hospital

30 Mar 2015 → …

Paediatric Surgeon, Monash Children's Hospital

1 Mar 2015 → …

Research area keywords

  • Simulation based education
  • Paediatric Surgery
  • Paediatric Robotics
  • Surgical Education

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output

Accuracy of clinician gestalt in diagnosing appendicitis in children presenting to the emergency department

Lee, W. H., O'Brien, S., Skarin, D., Cheek, J. A., Deitch, J., Nataraja, R., Craig, S., Borland, M. L. & on behalf of PREDICT, Aug 2019, In : EMA - Emergency Medicine Australasia. 31, 4, p. 612-618 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Application of a simulation-based medical education programme in a low-middle income country

Nataraja, R., Oo, YM., Webb, N., Ljuhar, D., Pacilli, M., Win, NN. & Aye, A., 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Are post-operative antibiotics indicated in simple appendicitis? A prospective double-blinded randomised controlled trial

Mennie, N., Panabokke, G., Chang, A., Tan Tanny, S., Cheng, W., Pacilli, M., Ferguson, P. & Nataraja, R., Mar 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Assessing surgical skills using deep convolutional neural networks

Nguyen, X. A., Nataraja, R., Ljuhar, D., Pacilli, M. & Chauhan, S., Mar 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Clinical Impact of the Introduction of Pediatric Intussusception Air Enema Reduction Technology in a Low- to Middle-Income Country Using Low-Cost Simulation-Based Medical Education

Nataraja, R. M., Oo, Y. M., Kyaw, K. K., Webb, N. R., Ljuhar, D., Pacilli, M., Win, N. N., Kimber, C. & Aye, A., 15 Nov 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Simulation in Healthcare. 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Best Abstract at the Victorian Simulation Alliance Conference

Ram Nataraja (Recipient), 17 Aug 2018

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

Certificate of Excellence in Educational Research

Ram Nataraja (Recipient), 3 Dec 2019

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

Certificate of Excellence in Supervision

Ram Nataraja (Recipient), 4 Dec 2018

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)