Philip Nakashima

Assoc Professor

Accepting PhD Students


Research output per year

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Personal profile


During and since his PhD in Physics (UWA, 2002), Philip has been developing new techniques in the field of quantitative convergent-beam electron diffraction (QCBED).  He was the first person to determine the bonding electron density in aluminium unequivocally by experimental means (two most recent awards below), using the QCBED techniques he developed in the preceding decade of work (accounting for all of the awards below).  He has 25 years of experience in advanced transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques and technique development, including electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), as well as about 20 years of experience in high performance computing, which is an indispensable component of QCBED.  He has also developed numerous techniques for digital image restoration and noise quantification to maximise the information that can be extracted from TEM data.  He is experienced in multi-parameter optimisation, having written new algorithms for searching complex and highly correlated parameter spaces with high efficiency in finding the global minimum.  He has been working in the area of metals, alloys, oxide ceramics, rare-earth hexaborides, ferroelectric and thermoelectric materials and naturally occurring superlattices.  He teaches advanced crystallography to final year undergraduate, Masters and PhD students and has taught by invitation at numerous international schools on electron and quantum crystallography.

Career Awards

John Sanders Medal (2012) “For excellence in developing or applying electron microscope techniques, with particular attention to problems of practical importance in the physical and chemical sciences.”  Awarded biennially by the Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis Society (AMMS) Inc.

Barry Inglis Medal (2011) “For outstanding achievement in measurement research by an individual or group in the fields of academia, research or industry in Australia.”  Awarded by the Australian Government’s National Measurement Institute.

The Cowley-Moodie Award (2006) “For research excellence using electron microscopy in the physical sciences.”  Awarded biennially by AMMS Inc.

Research area keywords

  • electron scattering theory
  • electron distribution
  • chemical bonding
  • digital signal processing
  • quantitative convergent beam electron diffraction
  • transmission electron microscopy

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Research Output

Characterisation of Li in the surface film of a corrosion resistant Mg-Li(-Al-Y-Zr) alloy

Yan, Y., Qiu, Y., Gharbi, O., Birbilis, N. & Nakashima, P. N. H., 15 Nov 2019, In : Applied Surface Science. 494, p. 1066-1071 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Identification of the impurity phase in high-purity CeB6 by convergent-beam electron diffraction

Peng, D. & Nakashima, P. N. H., 1 May 2019, In : Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances. 75, 3, p. 489-500 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Quantum crystallography: current developments and future perspectives

Genoni, A., Bučinský, L., Claiser, N., Contreras-García, J., Dittrich, B., Dominiak, P. M., Espinosa, E., Gatti, C., Giannozzi, P., Gillet, J. M., Jayatilaka, D., Macchi, P., Madsen, A., Massa, L., Matta, C. F., Merz, K. M., Nakashima, P. N. H., Ott, H., Ryde, U., Schwarz, K. & 2 others, Sierka, M. & Grabowsky, S., 1 Aug 2018, In : Chemistry - A European Journal. 24, 43, p. 10881-10905 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Three-beam convergent-beam electron diffraction for measuring crystallographic phases

Guo, Y., Nakashima, P. N. H. & Etheridge, J., 1 Jan 2018, In : IUCrJ. 5, p. 753-764 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
1 Citation (Scopus)

How do specimen preparation and crystal perfection affect structure factor measurements by quantitative convergent-beam electron diffraction?

Peng, D. & Nakashima, P. N. H., Apr 2017, In : Journal of Applied Crystallography. 50, 2, p. 602-611 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The Barry Inglis Medal

Nakashima, Philip (Recipient), 2011

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

The Cowley-Moodie Award

Nakashima, Philip (Recipient), 2006

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

The John Sanders Medal

Nakashima, Philip (Recipient), 2012

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)


  • 1 External research organisation, centre or institute

ARC Future Fellowship

Philip Nakashima (Visitor)

19 Mar 201214 Jun 2016

Activity: External Academic EngagementExternal research organisation, centre or institute