1995 …2024
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Personal profile


Professor Peter Anderson is a research neuropsychologist and NHMRC Senior Research Fellow in the Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience at Monash University.  He is the Founder and Chair of the Australian Paediatric Neuropsychology Research Network, on the Board of Directors for the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ), co-director of the Australian Centre for Child Neuropsychological Studies, and on the Executive of the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Newborn Medicine. 


His work focuses on understanding brain and cognitive development following early brain insults, and for the past 15 years his program has centered on neonatal conditions, especially infants born very preterm.  Professor Anderson heads the Victorian Infant Brain Studies group based at the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, which is internationally known for integrating neuroimaging in prospective longitudinal studies of sick neonates.  He is also heavily involved in large longitudinal observational studies, designing and evaluating the benefits of early intervention and cognitive training programs, and assessing the long-term consequences of perinatal interventions.


Professor Anderson’s research has been continuously funded by NHMRC for the past 12 years, and he has published in excess of 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters.  His research is well cited and published in the leading medical, paediatric, neuroscience and psychology journals.  Training the next generation of researchers is a core aspect of Professor Anderson’s program, having successfully supervised 25 PhD students to completion and mentored 20 post-doctoral fellows.

External positions

Honorary Fellow / Group Leader, Murdoch Children's Research Institute

Research area keywords

  • cognitive development
  • brain development
  • neuropsychological assessment
  • paediatric neuropsychology
  • preterm birth
  • low birth weight
  • at-risk infants

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Projects 2015 2024

Long-term impact of moderate and late preterm birth: effects on neurodevelopment, brain development and respiratory health at school age

Cheong, J. L. Y., Anderson, P., Thompson, D., Ranganthan, S., Spittle, A. J., Doyle, L. W., Clark, R. A. & Burnett, A.


Project: Research

Long-term effect on offspring of low to moderate or binge drinking during pregnancy.

Anderson, P., Halliday, J., Elliott, E., Penington, A., Thompson, D., Muggli, E., Spittle, A. J., Forster, D., Lewis, S. & Hearps, S.

National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Project: Research

Research Output 1995 2019

1 Citation (Scopus)

Association Between Maternal Iodine Intake in Pregnancy and Childhood Neurodevelopment at Age 18 Months

Zhou, S. J., Condo, D., Ryan, P., Skeaff, S. A., Howell, S., Anderson, P. J., McPhee, A. J. & Makrides, M., Feb 2019, In : American Journal of Epidemiology. 188, 2, p. 332-338 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Changes in neonatal regional brain volume associated with preterm birth and perinatal factors

Alexander, B., Kelly, C. E., Adamson, C., Beare, R., Zannino, D., Chen, J., Murray, A. L., Loh, W. Y., Matthews, L. G., Warfield, S. K., Anderson, P. J., Doyle, L. W., Seal, M. L., Spittle, A. J., Cheong, J. L. Y. & Thompson, D. K., 15 Jan 2019, In : NeuroImage. 185, p. 654-663 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Characterisation of brain volume and microstructure at term-equivalent age in infants born across the gestational age spectrum

Thompson, D. K., Kelly, C. E., Chen, J., Beare, R., Alexander, B., Seal, M. L., Lee, K. J., Matthews, L. G., Anderson, P. J., Doyle, L. W., Cheong, J. L. Y. & Spittle, A. J., 2019, In : NeuroImage: Clinical. 21, 13 p., 101630.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Child Motivation and Family Environment Influence Outcomes of Working Memory Training in Extremely Preterm Children

Pascoe, L., Spencer-Smith, M., Wiley, J., Lee, K., Roberts, G., Josev, E., Nosarti, C., Seal, M., Georgiou-Karistianis, N., Doyle, L. W., Thompson, D. & Anderson, P., 3 Jun 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Cognitive Enhancement. 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Desikan-Killiany-Tourville Atlas compatible version of m-CRIB neonatal parcellated whole brain atlas: The m-Crib 2.0

Alexander, B., Loh, W. Y., Matthews, L. G., Murray, A. L., Adamson, C., Beare, R., Chen, J., Kelly, C. E., Anderson, P. J., Doyle, L. W., Spittle, A. J., Cheong, J. L. Y., Seal, M. L. & Thompson, D. K., 5 Feb 2019, In : Frontiers in Neuroscience. 13, 9 p., 34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access