1995 …2024

Research output per year

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Personal profile


Professor Peter Anderson is a research neuropsychologist and NHMRC Senior Research Fellow in the Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience at Monash University.  He is the Founder and Chair of the Australian Paediatric Neuropsychology Research Network, on the Board of Directors for the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ), co-director of the Australian Centre for Child Neuropsychological Studies, and on the Executive of the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Newborn Medicine. 


His work focuses on understanding brain and cognitive development following early brain insults, and for the past 15 years his program has centered on neonatal conditions, especially infants born very preterm.  Professor Anderson heads the Victorian Infant Brain Studies group based at the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, which is internationally known for integrating neuroimaging in prospective longitudinal studies of sick neonates.  He is also heavily involved in large longitudinal observational studies, designing and evaluating the benefits of early intervention and cognitive training programs, and assessing the long-term consequences of perinatal interventions.


Professor Anderson’s research has been continuously funded by NHMRC for the past 12 years, and he has published in excess of 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters.  His research is well cited and published in the leading medical, paediatric, neuroscience and psychology journals.  Training the next generation of researchers is a core aspect of Professor Anderson’s program, having successfully supervised 25 PhD students to completion and mentored 20 post-doctoral fellows.

External positions

Honorary Fellow / Group Leader, Murdoch Children's Research Institute

Research area keywords

  • cognitive development
  • brain development
  • neuropsychological assessment
  • paediatric neuropsychology
  • preterm birth
  • low birth weight
  • at-risk infants

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Research Output

Parcellation of the neonatal cortex using Surface-based Melbourne Children’s Regional Infant Brain atlases (M-CRIB-S)

Adamson, C. L., Alexander, B., Ball, G., Beare, R., Cheong, J. L. Y., Spittle, A. J., Doyle, L. W., Anderson, P. J., Seal, M. L. & Thompson, D. K., 9 Mar 2020, In : Scientific Reports. 10, 1, 11 p., 4359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Tracking regional brain growth up to age 13 in children born term and very preterm

Thompson, D. K., Matthews, L. G., Alexander, B., Lee, K. J., Kelly, C. E., Adamson, C. L., Hunt, R. W., Cheong, J. L. Y., Spencer-Smith, M., Neil, J. J., Seal, M. L., Inder, T. E., Doyle, L. W. & Anderson, P. J., 4 Feb 2020, In : Nature Communications. 11, 1, 11 p., 696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Working memory training and brain structure and function in extremely preterm or extremely low birth weight children

Kelly, C. E., Thompson, D. K., Chen, J., Josev, E. K., Pascoe, L., Spencer-Smith, M. M., Adamson, C., Nosarti, C., Gathercole, S., Roberts, G., Lee, K. J., Doyle, L. W., Seal, M. L. & Anderson, P. J., 15 Feb 2020, In : Human Brain Mapping. 41, 3, p. 684-696 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Association Between Maternal Iodine Intake in Pregnancy and Childhood Neurodevelopment at Age 18 Months

Zhou, S. J., Condo, D., Ryan, P., Skeaff, S. A., Howell, S., Anderson, P. J., McPhee, A. J. & Makrides, M., Feb 2019, In : American Journal of Epidemiology. 188, 2, p. 332-338 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Association of Fetal Growth Restriction With Neurocognitive Function After Repeated Antenatal Betamethasone Treatment vs Placebo: Secondary Analysis of the ACTORDS Randomized Clinical Trial

Cartwright, R. D., Crowther, C. A., Anderson, P. J., Harding, J. E., Doyle, L. W. & McKinlay, C. J. D., 1 Feb 2019, In : JAMA Network Open. 2, 2, 14 p., e187636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
3 Citations (Scopus)