1995 …2021
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Personal profile


Professor Peter Anderson is a research neuropsychologist and NHMRC Senior Research Fellow in the Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience at Monash University.  He is the Founder and Chair of the Australian Paediatric Neuropsychology Research Network, on the Board of Directors for the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ), co-director of the Australian Centre for Child Neuropsychological Studies, and on the Executive of the NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Newborn Medicine. 


His work focuses on understanding brain and cognitive development following early brain insults, and for the past 15 years his program has centered on neonatal conditions, especially infants born very preterm.  Professor Anderson heads the Victorian Infant Brain Studies group based at the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, which is internationally known for integrating neuroimaging in prospective longitudinal studies of sick neonates.  He is also heavily involved in large longitudinal observational studies, designing and evaluating the benefits of early intervention and cognitive training programs, and assessing the long-term consequences of perinatal interventions.


Professor Anderson’s research has been continuously funded by NHMRC for the past 12 years, and he has published in excess of 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters.  His research is well cited and published in the leading medical, paediatric, neuroscience and psychology journals.  Training the next generation of researchers is a core aspect of Professor Anderson’s program, having successfully supervised 25 PhD students to completion and mentored 20 post-doctoral fellows.

External positions

Honorary Fellow / Group Leader, Murdoch Children's Research Institute


  • cognitive development
  • brain development
  • neuropsychological assessment
  • paediatric neuropsychology
  • preterm birth
  • low birth weight
  • at-risk infants

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Projects 2015 2021

Long-term effect on offspring of low to moderate or binge drinking during pregnancy.

Anderson, P. J., Halliday, J., Elliott, E., Penington, A., Thompson, D., Muggli, E., Spittle, A. J., Forster, D., Lewis, S. & Hearps, S.

National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Project: Research

Research Output 1995 2019

Changes in neonatal regional brain volume associated with preterm birth and perinatal factors

Alexander, B., Kelly, C. E., Adamson, C., Beare, R., Zannino, D., Chen, J., Murray, A. L., Loh, W. Y., Matthews, L. G., Warfield, S. K., Anderson, P. J., Doyle, L. W., Seal, M. L., Spittle, A. J., Cheong, J. L. Y. & Thompson, D. K., 15 Jan 2019, In : NeuroImage. 185, p. 654-663 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Influence of Gestational Age and Working Memory on Math Skills in Children Aged 8 to 9 Years

Brown, S., Quach, J., Anderson, P. J., Mensah, F. & Roberts, G., 1 Jan 2019, In : Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 40, 1, p. 49-53 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Caffeine for apnea of prematurity and brain development at 11 years of age

Kelly, C. E., Ooi, W. L., Yang, J. Y. M., Chen, J., Adamson, C., Lee, K. J., Cheong, J. L. Y., Anderson, P. J., Doyle, L. W. & Thompson, D. K., 1 Sep 2018, In : Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology. 5, 9, p. 1112-1127 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Can working memory training improve children's sleep?

Quach, J., Spencer-Smith, M., Anderson, P. J. & Roberts, G., 1 Jul 2018, In : Sleep Medicine. 47, p. 113-116 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Changes in long-term prognosis with increasing postnatal survival and the occurrence of postnatal morbidities in extremely preterm infants offered intensive care: a prospective observational study

Cheong, J. L. Y., Lee, K. J., Boland, R. A., Spittle, A. J., Opie, G. F., Burnett, A. C., Hickey, L., Roberts, G., Anderson, P. J., Doyle, L. W. & Victorian Infant Collaborative Study Group, 1 Dec 2018, In : The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health. 2, 12, p. 872-879 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review