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Personal profile


Professor Paul Zimmet is Professor of Diabetes at Monash University and formerly Director Emeritus, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute. In 1984, he founded the International Diabetes Institute which merged with the Baker Institute in 2008. He is Honorary President of the International Diabetes Federation and has an extensive international record in diabetes and obesity research, particularly in epidemiology and public health. His research predicted and has charted the evolving global type 2 diabetes epidemic.  His epidemiological studies commenced in the Pacific, and later to Mauritius and the United Arab Emirates. In 1999, he designed and led the team that undertook the first national diabetes and lifestyle study, AusDiab.

Professor Zimmet’s metabolic and genetic studies with Professor Greg Collier, at Deakin University,  led to important understanding of mechanisms in diabetes and obesity using one of the best animal models for type 2 diabetes, a gerbil, Psammomys obesus. He led the Monash team, with Professor Ian Mackay and Dr Merrill Rowley, to develop the first laboratory assay test (Anti-GAD) for predicting type 1 diabetes in children and an adult form now know widely as LADA – not the Czechoslovakian car but Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults! This test is now used worldwide. He co-chaired the Federal Government National Diabetes Strategy Advisory Group which prepared the groundwork for the government”s “National Diabetes Strategy 2016-2020 and is advising Singapore in the development of their national diabetes strategy.


  • Diabetes
  • Public Health
  • Genetics
  • Epidemiology

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Projects 2011 2015

Research Output 1987 2019

A peer-support lifestyle intervention for preventing type 2 diabetes in India: A cluster-randomized controlled trial of the Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program

Thankappan, K. R., Sathish, T., Tapp, R., Shaw, J., Lotfaliany, M., Wolfe, R., Absetz, P., Mathews, E., Aziz, Z., Williams, E. D., Fisher, E. B., Zimmet, P. Z., Mahal, A., Balachandran, S., D'Esposito, F., Sajeev, P., Thomas, E. & Oldenburg, B., 6 Jun 2018, In : PLoS Medicine. 15, 6, 23 p., e1002575.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Diet during Pregnancy is Implicated in the Regulation of Hypothalamic RNA Methylation and Risk of Obesity in Offspring

Kaspi, A., Khurana, I., Ziemann, M., Connor, T., Spolding, B., Zimmet, P., Walder, K. & El-Osta, A., 1 Jul 2018, In : Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. 62, 14, 10 p., 1800134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Early life exposure to Chinese famine modifies the association between hypertension and cardiovascular disease

Shi, Z., Nicholls, S. J., Taylor, A. W., Magliano, D. J., Appleton, S. & Zimmet, P., Jan 2018, In : Journal of hypertension. 36, 1, p. 54-60 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Epidemic T2DM, early development and epigenetics: implications of the Chinese Famine

Zimmet, P., Shi, Z., El-Osta, A. & Ji, L., 1 Dec 2018, In : Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 14, 12, p. 738-746 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review