Marcus Kitchen

Assoc Professor

Accepting PhD Students


Research output per year

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Personal profile


Dr Marcus Kitchen is an ARC Future Fellow and Senior Lecturer in the School of Physics and Astronomy who works with researchers within the X-ray Imaging Group. Prior to this Fellowship, Dr Kitchen held an ARC Australian Research Fellowship and an ARC Australian Postdoctoral Fellowship.

Dr Kitchen develops novel X-ray imaging systems to quantitatively measure the internal structure and function of objects to provide information that cannot be provided by conventional radiography. Imaging techniques include Phase Contrast Imaging, Computed Tomography, Compton Scatter Imaging, Angiography and Temporal Subtraction Imaging. Dr Kitchen's imaging advances involve development of X-ray optics theory, numerical simulation and experimental validation using synchrotron radiation and micro-focus X-ray sources.

Main Research Areas:

  • Phase Contrast X-ray Imaging - X-rays refract (bend) by very small angles when they pass through materials. By using coherent X-ray sources combined with optical elements, the refraction can provide greatly enhanced image contrast and resolution. Dr Kitchen is develops such techniques for seeing that which is normally invisible using radiography.
  • Compton Scatter Imaging - X-rays scatter as they pass through materials. Dr Kitchen is developing techniques to collection this radiation to provide information about the sample that cannot be collected in a conventional radiograph.
  • Ultra-Low Radiation Dose Imaging - Dr Kitchen is developing Phase Contrast Imaging and Compton Scatter Imaging modalities that enable the radiation dose to be reduced by factors into the tens of thousands.
  • Lung Imaging - Air in the lungs provides the greatest change in electron density in the tissues of  mammalian bodies, which results in high contrast imaging using Phase Contrast and Compton Scatter Imaging.  Dr Kitchen is collaborating with researchers from the Hudson Institute to use X-ray imaging to better understand the mechanisms by which the lungs aerate at birth, which is critical to the survival of all newborns. Insight into this complex process has enabled medical doctors to provide better care for infants born preterm with under-developed lungs, thereby increasing their survival rate. 
  • Brain Imaging - Dr Kitchen is using Phase Contrast Computed Tomography to greatly improve the contrast of brain matter compared to conventional Computed Tomography, at much higher spatial resolution than Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Research is ongoing to assess the diagnostic capablities of Phase Contrast Imaging. 
  • Material Discrimination - Conventional X-ray imaging provides limited information about the chemical composition of materials. Dr Kitchen is developing robust techniques for quantitatively discriminating objects based on their atomic makeup.
  • Translation towards clinical and industrial application - Dr Kitchen has developed many of his techniques using synchrotron radiation. He is now developing this work for main-stream use with compact micro-focus X-ray sources.

Research area keywords

  • X-ray Physics
  • Biomedical imaging
  • Biomedical Research, Multidisciplinary
  • Optics

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.


Improving perinatal outcomes.

Hooper, S., Davis, P., Wallace, E., Flemmer, A., Gill, A., McDougall, A., te Pas, A. B., Manley, B., Kamlin, C. O. F., Morley, C., Tingay, D., Polglase, G., Jenkin, G., Dawson, J., Crossley, K., Kerr, L. T., Doyle, L. W., Owen, L. S., Kitchen, M., Thio, M., Kluckow, M., Tolcos, M., Wallace, M., Lim, R., Harding, R., Boland, R., Hodges, R., Miller, S., Cole, T. & Moss, T.

National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Project: Research

International Synchrotron Access Grant AS/IA173

Croughan, M. & Kitchen, M.


Project: Research

Identifying mechanisms to improve newborn respiratory function using phase contrast X-ray imaging

Hooper, S., Kitchen, M., McGillick, E., Wallace, M., Crossley, K., te Pas, A. B., Pearson, J., Robert, L., Yagi, N. & Uesugi, K.


Project: Research

Research Output

Photon-counting, energy-resolving and super-resolution phase contrast X-ray imaging using an integrating detector.

O'Connell, D. W., Morgan, K. S., Ruben, G., Schaff, F., Croton, L. C. P., Buckley, G. A., Paganin, D. M., Uesugi, K. & Kitchen, M. J., 2 Mar 2020, In : Optics Express. 28, 5, p. 7080-7094 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Increasing Respiratory Effort With 100% Oxygen During Resuscitation of Preterm Rabbits at Birth

Dekker, J., Hooper, S. B., Croughan, M. K., Crossley, K. J., Wallace, M. J., McGillick, E. V., DeKoninck, P. L. J., Thio, M., Martherus, T., Ruben, G., Roehr, C. C., Cramer, S. J. E., Flemmer, A. W., Croton, L., te Pas, A. B. & Kitchen, M. J., 22 Oct 2019, In : Frontiers in Pediatrics. 7, 10 p., 427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
1 Citation (Scopus)

Ring artifact suppression in X-ray computed tomography using a simple, pixel-wise response correction

Croton, L. C. P., Ruben, G., Morgan, K. S., Paganin, D. M. & Kitchen, M. J., 13 May 2019, In : Optics Express. 27, 10, p. 14231-14245 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
1 Citation (Scopus)

In situ phase contrast X-ray brain CT

Croton, L. C. P., Morgan, K. S., Paganin, D. M., Kerr, L. T., Wallace, M. J., Crossley, K. J., Miller, S. L., Yagi, N., Uesugi, K., Hooper, S. B. & Kitchen, M. J., 1 Dec 2018, In : Scientific Reports. 8, 1, 12 p., 11412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
10 Citations (Scopus)

Laryngeal closure impedes non-invasive ventilation at birth

Crawshaw, J. R., Kitchen, M. J., Binder-Heschl, C., Thio, M., Wallace, M. J., Kerr, L. T., Roehr, C. C., Lee, K. L., Buckley, G. A., Davis, P. G., Flemmer, A., Te Pas, A. B. & Hooper, S. B., 1 Mar 2018, In : Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 103, 2, p. F112-F119 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
33 Citations (Scopus)


  • 1 External HDR Supervision

MSc student supervision

Marcus Kitchen (Fellow), & Konstantin Pavlov (Supervisor)


Activity: External Academic EngagementExternal HDR Supervision