Marcus Kitchen


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Personal profile


Marcus works in the School of Physics at Monash University as a Research Fellow

Marcus's research areas of interest are:

  • Dr Marcus Kitchen is investigating novel phase contrast X-ray imaging techniques for studying lung and brain development, physiology and disease states using coherent synchrotron radiation. Phase contrast enhances absorption based radiographic contrast by exploiting variations in an object's refractive index. The many air/tissue interfaces within the lung provide large refractive index variations, which make them ideally suited for phase contrast imaging studies.
  • Dr Kitchen is collaborating with researchers from the Hudson Institute to understand the mechanisms by which the lungs aerate at birth, which is critical to the survival of all neonates. Insight into this complex process will enable medical doctors to provide better care for infants born preterm with under-developed lungs, thereby increasing their survival rate. Phase contrast imaging experiments have enabled lung aeration to be observed in rabbit pups in vivo, using the SPring-8 synchrotron facility in Japan.
  • Dr Kitchen has developed new methods of extracting quantitative information from various phase contrast imaging modalities. This work has been critical for the study of lung development. He has successfully devised a method of calculating regional volumes of lung aeration from 2D images sequences of newborn rabbit pups. This information is crucial for assessing the rates and patterns of lung aeration at birth.


  • X-ray Physics
  • Biomedical imaging
  • Biomedical Research, Multidisciplinary

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Projects 2005 2021

Identifying mechanisms to improve newborn respiratory function using phase contrast X-ray imaging

Hooper, S., Kitchen, M., McGillick, E., Wallace, M., Crossley, K., Te Pas, A. B., Pearson, J., Robert, L., Yagi, N. & Uesugi, K.


Project: Research

Improving perinatal outcomes.

Hooper, S., Davis, P., Wallace, E., Flemmer, A., Gill, A., McDougall, A., tePas, A., Manley, B., Kamlin, C. O. F., Morley, C., Tingay, D., Polglase, G., Jenkin, G., Dawson, J., Crossley, K., Kerr, L., Doyle, L. W., Owen, L., Kitchen, M., Thio, M., Kluckow, M., Tolcos, M., Wallace, M., Lim, R., Harding, R., Boland, R., Hodges, R., Miller, S., Cole, T. & Moss, T.

National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Project: Research

Research Output 2004 2018

In situ phase contrast X-ray brain CT

Croton, L. C. P., Morgan, K. S., Paganin, D. M., Kerr, L. T., Wallace, M. J., Crossley, K. J., Miller, S. L., Yagi, N., Uesugi, K., Hooper, S. B. & Kitchen, M. J., 1 Dec 2018, In : Scientific Reports. 8, 1, 12 p., 11412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Laryngeal closure impedes non-invasive ventilation at birth

Crawshaw, J. R., Kitchen, M. J., Binder-Heschl, C., Thio, M., Wallace, M. J., Kerr, L. T., Roehr, C. C., Lee, K. L., Buckley, G. A., Davis, P. G., Flemmer, A., Te Pas, A. B. & Hooper, S. B., 1 Mar 2018, In : Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 103, 2, p. F112-F119 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

The physiology of neonatal resuscitation

Hooper, S. B., Kitchen, M. J., Polglase, G. R., Roehr, C. C. & Te Pas, A. B., 1 Apr 2018, In : Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 30, 2, p. 187-191 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

CT dose reduction factors in the thousands using X-ray phase contrast

Kitchen, M. J., Buckley, G. A., Gureyev, T. E., Wallace, M. J., Andres-Thio, N., Uesugi, K., Yagi, N. & Hooper, S. B., 1 Dec 2017, In : Scientific Reports. 7, 1, 9 p., 15953.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Elevated airway liquid volumes at birth: A potential cause of transient tachypnea of the newborn

McGillick, E. V., Lee, K., Yamaoka, S., te Pas, A. B., Crossley, K. J., Wallace, M. J., Kitchen, M. J., Lewis, R. A., Kerr, L. T., DeKoninck, P., Dekker, J., Thio, M., McDougall, A. R. A. & Hooper, S. B., 1 Nov 2017, In : Journal of Applied Physiology. 123, 5, p. 1204-1213 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review