Research output per year

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Personal profile


John Gardner is a sociologist and STS (science & technology studies) scholar, with expertise on the social and ethical dimensions of technology and innovation. 

John’s research focuses primarily on the sociological dimensions of medical innovation.  It investigates how social values and expectations shape innovation processes, and it examines the social and ethical aspects of new medical technologies. His work so far has explored a number of critical issues in healthcare, such as: the relationship between medical practices, identity and sociality; the operationalisation of patient-centred care; cultural and institutional barriers to technology implementation; and distributive justice in biomedical innovation.  His recently published monograph, Rethinking the Clinical Gaze (2017) draws on ethnographic research of a pioneering clinical team to examine the biopolitical implications of patient-centred medicine.

Much of John’s work has focused on translational neuroscience, neurotechnologies such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), and the emerging field of regenerative medicine.  His research in these areas involves working within interdisciplinary teams, and it aims to draw on social science methodologies to facilitate responsible research & innovation.  His recent research on DBS investigates the negative impact of the ‘techno-solutionist’ ideologies on development and delivery of neurological treatments, while also identifying strategies to support effective care.

John is a founding member of The Neurosocieties Group at Monash

John obtained his Wellcome Trust-funded PhD from Brunel University London in 2014.  He undertook postdoctoral research in the Science & Technology Studies Unit (SATSU) at the University of York (UK) before joining the School of Social Sciences as a Health & Biofutures Research Fellow in 2017. He has training in both science and social sciences, with degrees from Victoria University of Wellington, NZ (MA, BA Hons) and University of Otago, NZ (BSc).

Research area keywords

  • Medical Sociology
  • Science and Technology Studies
  • Psychedelics in society
  • Neurotechnologies
  • Poststructuralism

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Research Output

The relationship between gambling advertising and gambling attitudes, intentions and behaviours: a critical and meta-analytic review

Bouguettaya, A., Lynott, D., Carter, A., Zerhouni, O., Meyer, S., Ladegaard, I., Gardner, J. & O'Brien, K. S., Feb 2020, In : Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 31, p. 89-101 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Aligning technology and institutional readiness: the adoption of innovation

Webster, A. & Gardner, J. G., 2019, In : Technology Analysis and Strategic Management. p. 1-13 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Learning from Deep Brain Stimulation: The fallacy of techno-solutionism and the need for ‘regimes of care’

Gardner, J. G. & Warren, N. L., 2019, In : Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy. 22, 3, p. 363–374 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Persuasive bodies: Testimonies of deep brain stimulation and Parkinson's on YouTube

Gardner, J., Warren, N., Addison, C. & Samuel, G., 2019, In : Social Science and Medicine. 222, p. 44-51 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Psychedelic-assisted therapies: The past, and the need to move forward responsibly

Gardner, J., Carter, A., O'Brien, K. & Seear, K., 1 Aug 2019, In : International Journal of Drug Policy. 70, p. 94-98 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment / DebateOtherpeer-review



  • 1 Contribution to conference
  • 1 Contribution to workshop, seminar, course

Psychedelic Entanglements

John Gardner (Organiser), , Adrian Carter (Organiser), , Narelle Warren (Organiser), & Paul Mason (Organiser)

22 Jun 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesContribution to workshop, seminar, course

Neurosocieties Symposium

Paul Mason (Organiser), , Narelle Louise Warren (Organiser), , John Grant Gardner (Organiser), & Adrian Nicholas Carter (Organiser)

25 Aug 2017

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesContribution to conference

Press / Media