John Bradshaw

Emeritus Prof

1987 …2019
If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile

Biography

In 1990 I set up a neuropsychology research unit, initially to study disorders of attention following stroke (unilateral neglect or hemi-inattention) and disorders of movement in the neurodegenerative disorders Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases.

To that end I developed a range of novel devices and paradigms, including a programmable serial choice-reaction-time device (now adopted for a major international multi-site study into the preclinical development of Huntington's disease), and a vibrotactile choice reaction time device to extend the classic Posner paradigm into the tactual modality. I have also developed a wide range of cognitive tasks, perhaps the most important being the staged "arrows" task which assesses levels of inhbitory (frontostriatal) dyscontrol and is now being widely used in brain imaging.

Our original work with neurodegenerative disorders of the basal ganglia/frontostriatal system soon extended to dystonia, Alzheimer's disease and Friedreich ataxia; and to neurodevelopmental disorders of the frontostriatal system - Tourette's and Williams syndromes, obssessive-compulsive and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorders, schizophrenia, autism (and, separately, Asperger's disorder). To these, we next added compulsive gambling, addictive behaviours, inhibitory dyscontrol with violent offending, and depression (melancholic vs. nonmelancholic). Latterly, we have also addressed fragile X, and are attempting to assess the relative contributions of the frontostriatal and the frontocerebellar systems to the sequencing and fine control of movement in health and disease.

Separately from the above, my students have been working on synaesthesia, phantom limb phenomena, and empathy for pain.

Since 1990 I have authored or co-authored 4 major books (another 4 before then), 20 invited book chapters and 276 journal articles. The latter include 2 in Nature, 1 in Science, 8 in Brain, 15 in J Neurol Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 13 in Movement Disorders, and 6 in Experimental Brain Research.

Research interests

Experimental neuropsychology with special reference to the frontostriatal system and disorders of control, attention and movemement, i.e. the neurodegenerative disorders Parkinson's, Huntington's and Alzheimer's diseases, and the neurodevelopmental disorders Tourette's syndrome, obsessive-compulsive and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorders, schizophrenia, autism and depression.

Friedreich's attaxia, Williams syndrome. Impulsivity and violent aggression, addiction and problem gambling. The evolution of language, praxis and tool use.

Synaesthesia, spatial representations, embodiment, mirror-neuron and phantom limb phenomena.

Community service

Regular ABC Science Unit broadcasts: Ockham's Razor (27 talks), Science Show, Health Report, Café Scientifique;

Frequent contributions to Australasian Science and Tirra Lirra (literary journal);

Reviewing Grant and Journal Submissions

Research area keywords

  • disorders of attention and of fine motor control
  • disorders of the frontocerebellar system
  • disorders of the frontostriatal system
  • neurodegenerative disorders
  • neurodevelopmental disorders
  • neurodevelopmental disorders inhibitory control basal ganglia frontostriatal system tourette's syndr
  • phantom limb phenomena
  • synaesthesia

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2000 2014

Research Output 1987 2019

Degenerative Disorders of the Brain

Hocking, D. R., Bradshaw, J. L. & Fielding, J., 5 Apr 2019, Oxon, UK: Routledge. 276 p.

Research output: Book/ReportEdited BookOtherpeer-review

Attentional Mechanisms in Autism, ADHD, and Autism-ADHD Using a Local–Global Paradigm

Gargaro, B. A., May, T., Tonge, B. J., Sheppard, D. M., Bradshaw, J. L. & Rinehart, N. J., 1 Dec 2018, In : Journal of Attention Disorders. 22, 14, p. 1320-1332 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Reflections of a Neuropsychologist: Brushes with Brains

Bradshaw, J. L., 2018, 1st ed. London: Routledge. 276 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBookOtherpeer-review

Why our brain caves random noise

Bradshaw, J. L., Nov 2018, In : Australasian Science. 39, 6, p. 14-16 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

Developmental Disorders of the Brain

Rinehart, N. J. (ed.), Bradshaw, J. L. (ed.) & Enticott, P. G. (ed.), 2017, 2nd ed. Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge. 378 p. (Brain, Behaviour and Cognition Series)

Research output: Book/ReportEdited BookOtherpeer-review