1991 …2023

Research activity per year

Personal profile


I am currently Professor of International Political Economy at Monash University Malaysia in the School of Arts and Social Sciences. Originally trained in biochemistry at Universiti Malaya, I switched fields to the social sciences to pursue my interests in world politics. I hold an MSc in Economics for Development from the University of Oxford and a PhD in Politics and International Studies from the University of Warwick. I spent fifteen years in policy research with the Malaysian think-tank, the Institute of Strategic and International Studies, before moving to academia, first to what is now the Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and then to Monash University Malaysia in 2006. My research is located at the intersection of International Relations (IR) and International Political Economy (IPE), spanning the study of both regional and transnational governance architectures and mechanisms. 

I currently serve as a senior scholar of the Graduate Research and Development Network on Asian Security (GRADNAS) at the Australian National University, I am also a member of the editorial boards of several academic journals and academic publishers, and served as Chief Editor (with Jeffrey Wilson) of the journal Contemporary Politics. I have consulted for the ASEAN Secretariat and the Asian Development Bank. Among my past external roles include serving two terms on the Advisory Committee of the Belgium-based UNU-Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) a research and training institute of the United Nations University. I also served on the Advisory Board of the Better Governance and Policy research priority area of Monash University. 

Research interests

From an original interest in regional integration, governance, and state-based institutional architectures in Southeast Asia/ASEAN and the Asia Pacific, I expanded my work to study non-state modes of transnational governance and their intersection with state authority in this region. My current research continues this work on the broad theme of “who governs and how”. I am especially interested in the intersection and interactions between the global governance architecture – which comprises the actors (“who”) plus the instruments, institutions, mechanisms, and norms (“how”) – and regional and national governance frameworks in Southeast Asia and the wider region. By drawing on cases involving Southeast Asian states and regional institutions, my aim is to understand the ways in which the intersection of global and national/regional governance impacts on how development, rights and sustainability are practised nationally, regionally and globally. I am currently studying zero-deforestation norms and practices in global and regional governance. 

Several external and internal funding sources have supported these research projects over the years since 2002: the East Asian Development Network (EADN), Sasakawa Peace Foundation, International Studies Association's (ISA) Catalytic Workshop Grant, Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Monash-Warwick Strategic Alliance research and education grants, as well as internal funding from Monash University's Faculty of Arts and Monash University Malaysia's School of Arts and Social Sciences.

Supervision interests

Potential areas of supervision include the study of the politics and political economy of development, regionalism, and international and transnational governance. Areas of focus include Southeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific.

Monash teaching commitment

My teaching expertise covers International Political Economy, International Relations, Development and Global Governance. I teach into the Global Studies major at Monash University Malaysia, serving as coordinator of the major, and as chief examiner and unit coordinator of the following Global Studies units:

  • International Relations (Level 3)
  • States, Markets and Global Capitalism (Level 2)
  • Introduction to Global Studies (Level 1)

Previously, I served as unit coordinator and chief examiner for:  

  • Readings in Social, Political and Cultural Theory (Level 4 Honours)
  • Governing the Global Economy: Stability, Efficiency, Justice (Level 3)
  • Politics of Development (Levels 2/3)
  • Contemporary Worlds 1 (Level 1)
  • Introduction to World Politics and History (Level 1)
  • Transformation from Above: Globalisation and the State (Level 1)

I have led the following mandated course reviews: the Bachelor of Communication undergraduate degree programme in 2011/2012 and the PhD graduate research programme in 2015/2016, which led to their re-accreditation by Monash University and the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA). 

University Service

I have served Monash University Malaysia in several leadership roles:

  • Director, Global Engagement, School of Arts and Social Sciences (October 2023-December 2024)
  • Head of School, School of Arts and Social Sciences (2018-2020)
  • Deputy Head of School (Research), School of Arts and Social Sciences (2016-2017)
  • Deputy Head of School (Education), School of Arts and Social Sciences (2011-2013)

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 15 - Life on Land
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Higher Education, Graduate Certificate, MONASH UNIVERSITY

Award Date: 14 Apr 2011

Politics and International Studies, PhD, University of Warwick

Award Date: 11 Jul 2002

Economics for Development, MSc, University of Oxford

Award Date: 17 Jul 1993

Biochemistry, MSc, Universiti Malaya (University of Malaya)

Award Date: 10 Aug 1985

Biochemistry, BSc Hons, Universiti Malaya (University of Malaya)

Award Date: 19 Jun 1982

External positions

Assistant Professor, Nanyang Technological University (NTU)

2 Jan 200231 Jan 2005

Senior Analyst, Institute of Strategic and International Studies Malaysia

1 Sept 198430 Sept 1998

Research area keywords

  • Regional Institutions
  • International Relations
  • International Political Economy
  • Globalisation
  • Transnational governance
  • International Politics of Southeast Asia

Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

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