Duncan Galloway

Assoc Professor

Accepting PhD Students


Research activity per year

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Personal profile


Dr Duncan Galloway's primary area of research interest is the nature and properties of neutron star binaries. A neutron star is the extreme product of a supernova explosion; the surface density, temperature, and magnetic field strength are all many orders of magnitude in excess of anything achievable on Earth. Accreting binaries, in which gas from a relatively normal stellar companion falls under gravity onto a neutron star, offer a unique window on some rich physics via satellite-based X-ray observations.

Duncan studied at the University of Tasmania, in Hobart. Following his undergraduate degree he worked for five years as an oceanographer before returning to study in the field of astrophysics. He spent five years in postdoctoral positions at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston, USA, where he established his research career with X-ray studies of accreting neutron stars, and returned to Australia to take up fellowships first at the University of Melbourne and then Monash University.

Duncan's research involves observational studies of accretion-powered millisecond pulsars and thermonuclear (type-I) bursts, using NASA and ESA satellite X-ray observatories, including the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, INTEGRAL, XMM-Newton, Chandra, Swift and the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array(NuSTAR). The goals of these studies include improved understanding of the physical processes, as well as constraining the uncertain neutron star equation of state.

He is the Monash PI of the Gravitational-wave Optical Transient Observatory (GOTO) project, with the goal of building a network of optical telescopes to respond to gravitational wave detections by the Advanced Laser Interferometric Gravitational-wave Observatory (aLIGO) Accreting binaries are also candidate gravitational wave sources, which may be detectable by aLIGO. He also carries out optical and X-ray observations to improve the measured system parameters, which can lead to more sensitive searches for gravitational waves.

Research area keywords

  • Astronomy
  • Astrophysics
  • Gravitational Waves
  • Nuclear Astrophysics


Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or
  • Searching for electromagnetic counterparts to gravitational-wave merger events with the prototype gravitational-wave optical transient observer (GOTO-4)

    Gompertz, B., Cutter, R., Steeghs, D., Galloway, D., Lyman, J., Ulaczyk, K., Dyer, M. J. S., Ackley, K., Dhillon, V. S., O'Brien, P. T., Ramsay, G., Poshyachinda, S., Kotak, R., Nuttall, L. K., Breton, R. P., Palle, E., Pollacco, D. L., Thrane, E., Aukkaravittayapun, S., Awiphan, S. & 32 others, Brown, M., Burhanudin, U., Chote, P., Chrimes, A. A., Daw, E. J., Duffy, C., Eyles-Ferris, R. A. J., Heikkila, T., Irawati, P., Kennedy, M. R., Killestein, T. L., Levan, A. J., Littlefair, S. P., Makrygianni, L., Marsh, T. R., Mata Sanchez, D., Mattila, S. S., Maund, J. R., McCormac, J., Mkrtichian, D. E., Mong, Y. L., Mullaney, J. R., Mueller, B., Obradovic, A., Rol, E., Sawangwit, U., Stanway, E. R., Starling, R. L. C., Strøm, P. A., Tooke, S., West, R. N. & Wiersema, K., Sep 2020, In : Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 497, 1, p. 726-738 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)
  • A Bayesian approach to matching thermonuclear X-ray burst observations with models

    Goodwin, A. J., Galloway, D. K., Heger, A., Cumming, A. & Johnston, Z., 1 Dec 2019, In : Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 490, 2, p. 2228-2240 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)
  • Neutrino Losses in Type i Thermonuclear X-Ray Bursts: An Improved Nuclear Energy Generation Approximation

    Goodwin, A. J., Heger, A. & Galloway, D. K., 10 Jan 2019, In : The Astrophysical Journal. 870, 2, 7 p., 64.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)
  • NICER Observes a Secondary Peak in the Decay of a Thermonuclear Burst from 4U 1608-52

    Jaisawal, G. K., Chenevez, J., Bult, P., In'T Zand, J. J. M., Galloway, D. K., Strohmayer, T. E., Güver, T., Adkins, P., Altamirano, D., Arzoumanian, Z., Chakrabarty, D., Coopersmith, J., Gendreau, K. C., Guillot, S., Keek, L., Ludlam, R. M. & Malacaria, C., 20 Sep 2019, In : The Astrophysical Journal. 883, 1, 7 p., 61.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Open Access
    5 Citations (Scopus)
  • Observatory science with eXTP

    in ’t Zand, J. J. M., Bozzo, E., Qu, J. L., Li, X. D., Amati, L., Chen, Y., Donnarumma, I., Doroshenko, V., Drake, S. A., Hernanz, M., Jenke, P. A., Maccarone, T. J., Mahmoodifar, S., de Martino, D., De Rosa, A., Rossi, E. M., Rowlinson, A., Sala, G., Stratta, G., Tauris, T. M. & 164 others, Wilms, J., Wu, X. F., Zhou, P., Agudo, I., Altamirano, D., Atteia, J. L., Andersson, N. A., Baglio, M. C., Ballantyne, D. R., Baykal, A., Behar, E., Belloni, T., Bhattacharyya, S., Bianchi, S., Bilous, A., Blay, P., Braga, J., Brandt, S., Brown, E. F., Bucciantini, N., Burderi, L., Cackett, E. M., Campana, R., Campana, S., Casella, P., Cavecchi, Y., Chambers, F., Chen, L., Chen, Y. P., Chenevez, J., Chernyakova, M., Jin, C. C., Ciolfi, R., Costantini, E., Cumming, A., D’Aì, A., Dai, Z. G., D’Ammando, F., De Pasquale, M., Degenaar, N., Del Santo, M., D’Elia, V., Di Salvo, T., Doyle, G., Falanga, M., Fan, X. L., Ferdman, R. D., Feroci, M., Fraschetti, F., Galloway, D. K., Gambino, A. F., Gandhi, P., Ge, M. Y., Gendre, B., Gill, R., Götz, D., Gouiffès, C., Grandi, P., Granot, J., Güdel, M., Heger, A., Heinke, C. O., Homan, J., Iaria, R., Iwasawa, K., Izzo, L., Ji, L., Jonker, P. G., José, J., Kaastra, J. S., Kalemci, E., Kargaltsev, O., Kawai, N., Keek, L., Komossa, S., Kreykenbohm, I., Kuiper, L., Kunneriath, D., Li, G., Liang, E. W., Linares, M., Longo, F., Lu, F. J., Lutovinov, A. A., Malyshev, D., Malzac, J., Manousakis, A., McHardy, I., Mehdipour, M., Men, Y. P., Méndez, M., Mignani, R. P., Mikusincova, R., Miller, M. C., Miniutti, G., Motch, C., Nättilä, J., Nardini, E., Neubert, T., O’Brien, P. T., Orlandini, M., Osborne, J. P., Pacciani, L., Paltani, S., Paolillo, M., Papadakis, I. E., Paul, B., Pellizzoni, A., Peretz, U., Pérez Torres, M. A., Perinati, E., Prescod-Weinstein, C., Reig, P., Riggio, A., Rodriguez, J., Rodríguez-Gil, P., Romano, P., Różańska, A., Sakamoto, T., Salmi, T., Salvaterra, R., Sanna, A., Santangelo, A., Savolainen, T., Schanne, S., Schatz, H., Shao, L. J., Shearer, A., Shore, S. N., Stappers, B. W., Strohmayer, T. E., Suleimanov, V. F., Svoboda, J., Thielemann, F. K., Tombesi, F., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Turriziani, S., Vacchi, A., Vercellone, S., Vink, J., Wang, J. M., Wang, J. F., Watts, A. L., Weng, S. S., Weinberg, N. N., Wheatley, P. J., Wijnands, R., Woods, T. E., Woosley, S. E., Xiong, S. L., Xu, Y. P., Yan, Z., Younes, G., Yu, W. F., Yuan, F., Zampieri, L., Zane, S., Zdziarski, A. A., Zhang, S. N., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, X. & Zingale, M., 1 Feb 2019, In : Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy. 62, 2, 42 p., 29506.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)
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