Accepting PhD Students

PhD projects

Taxation Law. Tax policy and Energy Justice


Research activity per year

If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile

Research interests

Diane takes an ‘in-context’ approach to taxation law research. She welcomes business/commerce students for supervision whether for the BTX3900 research unit, Masters or PhD.

Diane is an expert on taxation law and policy for natural resources.  Diane applies empirical approaches to taxation law with the object of considering economic, political and environmental impacts on tax policy. She uses both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Methods include comparative studies, interviews, statistics, text analysis, case studies, grounded theory, Pierre Bourdieu's social practice theory and methods of historical research.

Diane's major research areas are in natural resources taxation, such as resource rent taxes, royalties; and taxation policy and reform. Recent research projects on renewable energy use the 'energy justice' framework.


Diane has held roles in the minerals resource sector with Conzinc Rio Tinto of Australia (CRA) Ltd as a management and financial accountant. She is an experienced professional having worked with Ernst and Young and was a Registered Tax Agent. Diane has worked in the financial services sector as the taxation manager with Australia's largest administrator of industry superannuation funds. For eight years she was Manager (Taxation and Banking) at La Trobe University, Melbourne.

Diane has presented research papers at conferences both in Australia and overseas, including at the University of Cambridge in 2012, 2014 & 2020.

In 2015 Diane was awarded a Visiting Fellowship to the Australian National University. In 2016 Diane visited the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington DC to pursue extractive industry tax issues.

In 2014 and 2015 the National Research Institute of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the PNG Treasury appointed Dr Diane Kraal and Dr Craig Emerson (former Federal Minister with the Rudd and Gillard governments) to research petroleum and mining tax reform. Tax reform in PNG has the support of the IMF. PNG's National Budget 2017 broadly includes Kraal and Emerson’s petroleum and mining tax reform initiatives. In 2018 Diane received the Monash Business School Dean's Commendation for Research Impact. In 2019 Diane was co-Head of the Monash University delegation to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Madrid, Spain. 

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action

Research area keywords

  • resource rent taxes
  • natural resource taxes
  • renewable energy
  • energy justice
  • oil and gas taxation
  • tax law history


Recent external collaboration on country/territory level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or