Diane Kraal


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Personal profile

Research interests

Diane takes an ‘in-context’ approach to taxation law research. She welcomes business/commerce students for supervision whether for the BTX3900 research unit, Masters or PhD.

Diane focuses on empirical approaches to taxation law with the object of considering social, economic or historical impacts of the law and uses both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Methods include comparative studies, interviews, statistics, text analysis, case studies, grounded theory, Pierre Bourdieu's social practice theory and methods of historical research.

Diane's major research areas are in natural resources taxation, such as resource rent taxes and royalties; taxation policy and reform; superannuation, Goods and Services Tax, Fringe Benefits Tax and the history of tax law.


Diane has held roles in the minerals resource sector with Conzinc Rio Tinto of Australia (CRA) Ltd as a management and financial accountant. She is an experienced professional having worked with Ernst and Young and was a Registered Tax Agent. Diane has worked in the financial services sector as the taxation manager with Australia's largest administrator of industry superannuation funds. For eight years she was Manager (Taxation and Banking) at La Trobe University, Melbourne.

Diane has presented research papers at conferences both in Australia and overseas, including at the University of Cambridge in 2012 and 2014.

In 2015 Diane was awarded a Visiting Fellowship to the Australian National University. In 2016 Diane visited the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington DC to pursue extractive industry tax issues.

In 2014 and 2015 the National Research Institute of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the PNG Treasury appointed Dr Diane Kraal and Dr Craig Emerson (former Federal Minister with the Rudd and Gillard governments) to research petroleum and mining tax reform. Tax reform in PNG has the support of the IMF. PNG's National Budget 2017 broadly includes Kraal and Emerson’s petroleum and mining tax reform initiatives. In 2018 Diane was a member of the Monash University delegation to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) in Poland. In 2018 Diane received the Monash Business School Dean's Commendation for Research Impact.

Research area keywords

  • resource rent taxes
  • natural resource taxes
  • renewable energy
  • energy justice
  • oil and gas taxation
  • tax law history

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2011 2020

Research Output 2008 2019

Petroleum industry tax incentives and energy policy implications: a comparison between Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea

Kraal, D., Mar 2019, In : Energy Policy. 126, p. 212-222 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Petroleum resource rent tax review 2017: split priorities found in public submissions

Kraal, D., 1 Jul 2018, In : Australian Tax Forum. 33, 2, p. 343-377 35 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Legal teaching methods to diverse student cohorts: a comparison between the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and New Zealand

Kraal, D., 3 Jul 2017, In : Cambridge Journal of Education. 47, 3, p. 389-411 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Low oil price shock in Malaysia: government fiscal impact and petroleum industry reactions

Kraal, D., Thiagarajah, L. & Kasipillai, J., 19 Jul 2017, In : Australian Tax Forum. 32, 4, p. 681-708 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Review of the Petroleum Resource Rent Tax: implications from a case study of the Gorgon gas project

Kraal, D., 4 Aug 2017, In : Federal Law Review. 45, 2, p. 315-349 35 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Australian Visiting Fellow Award 2015, ANU

Diane Kraal (Recipient), 13 Apr 2015

Prize: Competitive Fellowships

Commendation, 2018 Dean’s Award for Research Impact, Monash Business School

Diane Kraal (Recipient), 30 Nov 2018

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

Press / Media

Petroleum taxation, 50+ items 2015 to 2019

Diane Kraal


1 Media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment