Dharmalingam Arunachalam

Assoc Professor

1991 …2020
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Personal profile


Dharma is social demographer in Sociology in the School of Social Sciences. He received his PhD in Demography from the Australian National University and was a Rockefeller Postdoctoral Fellow at the Population Studies Centre, University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, USA). Before joining Monash University, he taught at the Department of Societies and Cultures, University of Waikato, New Zealand.

Dharma's current research focuses on: fertility and partnering, social cohesion, international migration, family and household structures, population research, ageing and health. Dharma's research also covers demographic issues in India.

Dharma’s recent publications include two co-edited volumes: Creating Social Cohesion in an Interdependent World: Experiences of Australia and Japan (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016) and Family Formation in 21st Century Australia (Springer, 2015). He has also co-authored the monograph The New Zealand Family From 1840. A Demographic History (Auckland University Press, 2007).

His current research covers Indian Migrants in Australia, intermarriage, Social Cohesion and Cultural Diversity, Housing+Transport costs and Housing Affordability, and Homelessness in Australia.

Dharma has supervised a number of Masters and PhD students to successful completions in three broad areas of research:

1)      Immigration, identity, social capital and migrant integration:

  • Social Capital in Australia
  • Young Australians perception of their national identities
  • Ethnic identity among young Australian women of Greek heritage
  • Second-generation Turkish Australian Muslim women
  • Cultural Integration of Academic Migrants
  • Attitudes toward Australian Muslims
  • (Un)wanted people in Hong Kong
  • Internal Migration in Maldives

2)      Population dynamics;

  • Australian fertility debate
  • Fertility Differentials in Australia
  • Family Formation and Contraception in New Zealand
  • Population in Environment debates in Australia;
  • Adolescent Fertility in Malawi
  • The social context of Lamaholots' fertility desires

3)      Reproductive and child health

  • Children’s Diet and Level of Physical Activity
  • Child Malnutrition in Nepal
  • Utilization of Child Health Services in Bangladesh
  • Women's Autonomy and Reproductive Health in Bangladesh

4)      Other

  • Incomes of Individuals and Families in New Zealand

Current student theses’ focus on:

  • National and cultural identity in Australia
  • Water sensitive practices and social inequality in Australia
  • Socio-economic inequality and self-reported life satisfaction in Australia
  • Social capital and disaster resilience in Vietnam;
  • Moving from path dependence to sustainable agriculture in northern Phillipines
  • Exploring gender and ethnic dimensions of malnutrition
  • Young women’s reproductive health in India
  • Representation of Major Communal Riots in Indian Media
  • Lives, Livelihoods and Aspirations of the Kolis in Mumbai
  • Marginalized seniors - A study of older 'homeless' persons in Singapore

Teaching areas: Social Research Methods, Population and Society, Social Research Practice and Introduction to Sociology

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2007 2020

Research Output 1991 2018

Australian public opinion on asylum

Markus, A. B. & Arunachalam, D., 2018, In : Migration and development. 7, 3, p. 435-447 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Intimate partner violence and contraceptive use in India: The moderating influence of conflicting fertility preferences and contraceptive intentions

Forrest, W., Arunachalam, D. & Navaneetham, K., 2018, In : Journal of Biosocial Science. 50, 2 , p. 212–226 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Measuring housing and transportation affordability: A case study of Melbourne, Australia

Saberi, M., Wu, H., Amoh-Gyimah, R., Smith, J. & Arunachalam, D., Nov 2017, In : Journal of Transport Geography. 65, p. 134-146 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Political boundary versus social context: Dynamics of socioeconomic differentials in fertility in Indian states

Arunachalam, D., Navaneetham, K. & Forrest, W., Nov 2017, In : Journal of Biosocial Science. 49, 1, p. 156–171 16 p., 10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Creating Social Cohesion in an Interdependent World: Experiences of Australia and Japan

Healy, E. J., Arunachalam, D. & Mizukami, T., 2016, Hampshire UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 289 p.

Research output: Book/ReportEdited BookOther