Research output per year

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Personal profile


Dr Malhotra is a consultant neonatologist at Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital and research scientist at The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research. He holds a senior lecturer appointment in the Department of Paediatrics, Monash University.

His clinical research interests focus on improving respiratory and neurological outcomes of high risk infants. He has been involved in a number of randomised clinical trials in neonatal conditions, which have published in high impact journals like New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Pediatrics, Archives Diseases of Childhood, etc. He is keen on early neurodevelopment following high risk birth and recently established the Early Neurodevelopment Clinic (for early detection of cerebral palsy) for high risk neonates at Monash Children's Hospital. He is also a lead investigator of an NHMRC funded study on preterm neurodevelopment.

His basic science interests include understanding and treating brain injury related to high risk perinatal conditions. He has a special interest in fetal growth restriction and has conducted a number of preclinical and clinicial studies in the field. He completed a basic science PhD on "Novel strategies for early detection and treatment of fetal growth restriction related brain injury" at the Hudson Institute of Medical Research. 

He has been instrumental in the translation of a number of preclinical therapies from the laboratory to the clinic. He led a world-first trial of placental stem cells for chronic lung disease of prematurity. He has a special interest in regenerative cell therapies for neonatal diseases, and is currently involved in a number of early phase trials of stem cell therapy.

Dr Malhotra is passionate about education and is also the Co-Chair of Monash Children's Hospital Simulation. He has also been running maternal and neonatal simulation based education programs in low and middle countries.

Education/Academic qualification



Paediatrics- Neonatal- Perinatal Medicine, FRACP, Royal Australasian College of Physicians


Paediatrics, DNB, National Board of Examinations


Paediatrics, MD, University of Delhi


Medicine, MBBS, University of Delhi


External positions

Member, National Examining Panel, Royal Australasian College of Physicians

2020 → …

Associate Professor, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences

2018 → …

Member, Paediatric Research Committee, Royal Australasian College of Physicians

2018 → …

Member, Written Examination Committee, Royal Australasian College of Physicians


Research area keywords

  • Neonatology
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Neuroprotection
  • Neonatal respiratory physiology and therapy
  • Simulation based education

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Research Output

Acoustic analysis of neonatal breath sounds using digital stethoscope technology

Zhou, L., Marzbanrad, F., Ramanathan, A., Fattahi, D., Pharande, P. & Malhotra, A., 1 Mar 2020, In : Pediatric Pulmonology. 55, 3, p. 624-630 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Assessment of breath sounds at birth using digital stethoscope technology

Ramanathan, A., Marzbanrad, F., Tan, K., Zohra, F. T., Acchiardi, M., Roseby, R., Kevat, A. & Malhotra, A., 1 May 2020, In : European Journal of Pediatrics. 179, 5, p. 781-789 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Autologous transplantation of umbilical cord blood-derived cells in extreme preterm infants: protocol for a safety and feasibility study

Malhotra, A., Novak, I., Miller, S. & Jenkin, G., 11 May 2020, In : BMJ Open. 10, 5, 5 p., e036065.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

Open Access

Does antenatal betamethasone alter white matter brain development in growth restricted fetal sheep?

Sutherland, A. E., Yawno, T., Castillo-Melendez, M., Allison, B., Malhotra, A., Polglase, G. R., Cooper, L., Jenkin, G. & Miller, S., 30 Apr 2020, In : Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 14, 12 p., 100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Is Umbilical Cord Blood Therapy an Effective Treatment for Early Lung Injury in Growth Restriction?

Allison, B. J., Youn, H., Malhotra, A., McDonald, C. A., Castillo-Melendez, M., Pham, Y., Sutherland, A. E., Jenkin, G., Polglase, G. R. & Miller, S. L., 3 Mar 2020, In : Frontiers in Endocrinology. 11, 13 p., 86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access


ANZNN Neonatal Research Award

Malhotra, Atul (Recipient), 2019

Prize: National/international honour

Best of Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2018

Malhotra, Atul (Recipient), 2019

Prize: Other distinction

Best Poster (Neonatal & Child Health) - Monash Health Research Week

Malhotra, Atul (Recipient), 2013

Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

Eric Burnard Fellowship

Malhotra, Atul (Recipient), 2016

Prize: Competitive Fellowships

Eric Burnard Fellowship

Malhotra, Atul (Recipient), 2017

Prize: Competitive Fellowships

Press / Media