Andrew Martin Parkes

Research activity per year

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Personal profile


At the time of his retirement from full time academia in May 2020, Andrew was Professor and Director of Research of the large Institute for Future Transport and Cities at Coventry University in the UK. Andrew was responsible for the quality of research and impact of groups covering design and human factors, advanced systems, manufacturing and materials and low carbon power systems. His particular focus was on the National Transport Design Centre (NTDC) and a range of projects looking at measuring driver behaviour and performance and the role of simulation in training and evaluation. In addition to his current role with Monash University he continues to supervise PhD students in areas of mental workload, situation awareness and user experience.


Andrew has published over 230 journal articles, book contributions and sponsored reports in the areas of driver behaviour and performance since 1985. Interests over his career have expanded from accident causation and investigation, through to a much wider view of the design, efficiency, acceptability and safety of transport systems.


Research impact has included

  • As a junior member of a team led by Prof Murray Mackay at Birmingham University, contributed to  development of systematic investigation of vehicle accidents and the very large UK databases of vehicle performance and occupant injury.
  • Performed first European evaluations (in Berlin 1989) of route navigation systems in vehicles comparing map based versus symbolic information
  • With Renault designed and evaluated the first driver cockpit concepts that separated displays and controls to aid the driving task and minimise distraction. Steering wheel controls and hierarchical screen menus are now almost universal.
  • Performed first UK trials of mobile telephone conversations in vehicles. Distraction was benchmarked against alcohol impairment. This work led to changes in the UK Highway code and influenced legislation in Europe, Canada and USA in early 2000’s.
  • Use of simulation for training and research. Co-authored international standards for measurement of visual demand and mental workload in vehicles.


Andrew has been Vice President of the Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes (FERSI 2000-2015) and Honorary Professor of Life Sciences at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (2005 -2017) in addition to academic research positions at Birmingham (1983-85), Loughborough (1985-1996), Leeds (1996- 1999) and Coventry Universities (2015-2020) and Transport Research Laboratory (1999 - 2015) in the UK. He also works as an Expert Witness in cases of driver fatigue and distraction.

He is an invited speaker and technical organiser at many international conferences, a member of review panels for academic journals and frequent evaluator of research for UK Research Councils and the EU Framework programme. He has worked collaboratively in Europe since 1988 with a wide range of academic, government and commercial groups and taken active roles in Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes (FERSI) and European Council of Transport Research Institutes (ECTRI).


He has received funding from UK Research Councils (EPSRC, BBRC and ESRC), the European Union, the Department for Transport, the Department for Trade and Industry, Innovate-UK and numerous commercial organisations over his 33-year research career. He has been engaged as an independent evaluator for UK and EU research programmes and for national projects in Qatar, Norway, Sweden and Denmark.

Research area keywords

  • driver behaviour
  • driver performance
  • distraction
  • visual behaviour
  • user experience


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