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Personal profile


Professor of Emergency Medicine and Clincial Toxicology research in the School of Clnical Sciences at Monash Health at Monash University and a Clinical Toxicologist and Emergency Physician at Monash Health.

Toxicology research interests include managment of paracetamol poisoning, treatment of severe cardiovascular drug poisoning, and investigation of novel antidotes for treatment of drug poisoning.

Involved in both clinical and basic science toxicology research including pharmacokinetics and animal models of severe CVS poisoning.

Emergency Medicine interests include analgesia research and managment of acute behavioural disturbance in the ED as well as assessment of pharmacokinetics and clinical applications of novel drugs for intranasal drug delivery in the ED.

Clinical activities

Consultant Emergency Physcian, Monash Health

Director of Monash Toxicology Service and Supervisor of Toxicology Training, Monash Health

Consultant Clinical Toxicologist Victorian and NSW Poisons Information Centre

Visiting Toxicologist Austin Health Toxicology Service


Clinical Toxicologist: NSW Poisons Information Centre, Childrens Hospital at Westmead, NSW

Clinical Toxicologist: Victorian Poisons Information Centre, The Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria.

Emergency Physician and Clinical Toxicologist Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria

Research interests


Paracetamol Poisoning

Cardiovascular Drug Poisoning and antidote development,

Serotonin Syndrome, Antidepressant poisoning.

Natural Toxins- snake and spider envenomation treatment


1) Acute analgesia research

2) intranasal drug delivery - clinical and pharmacokinetic studies

Supervision interests

Basic Science Toxicology Research

Clinical Toxicology Research and Envenomation

Clinical Toxicology Education at undergraduate and Graduate levels

Monash teaching commitment

Clinical Sciences at Monash Health
Department of Pharmacology

Research area keywords

  • Acetaminophen/Paracetamol Poisoning
  • Analgesia research
  • Antidotes
  • Cardiovascular Toxicology
  • Clinical Toxicology
  • Poisoning
  • Overdose
  • Emergency Medicine
  • absorption
  • acetaminophen/administration and dosage
  • acetaminophen/pharmacokinetics
  • a
  • antidote
  • cardiac arrest
  • poisoning
  • resuscitation
  • emulsion
  • intravenous
  • lipid
  • overdose

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.


Research Output

Adducts Post Acetaminophen Overdose Treated with a 12-Hour vs 20-Hour Acetylcysteine Infusion

Wong, A., Heard, K., Graudins, A., Dart, R. & Sivilotti, M. L. A., 1 Apr 2020, In : Journal of Medical Toxicology. 16, 2, p. 188-194 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Efficacy of a two bag acetylcysteine regimen to treat paracetamol overdose (2NAC study)

Wong, A., Isbister, G., McNulty, R., Isoardi, K., Harris, K., Chiew, A., Greene, S., Gunja, N., Buckley, N., Page, C. & Graudins, A., Mar 2020, In : EClinicalMedicine. 20, 9 p., 100288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access

Overdose of pong pong (Cerbera odollam) seeds bought over the internet

Rotella, J. A., Wong, O., Wong, A. Y. & Graudins, A., 1 Apr 2020, In : Emergency Medicine Australasia. 32, 2, p. 358-360 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterOtherpeer-review

Treatment for beta-blocker poisoning: a systematic review

Rotella, J. A., Greene, S. L., Koutsogiannis, Z., Graudins, A., Hung Leang, Y., Kuan, K., Baxter, H., Bourke, E. & Wong, A., 20 Apr 2020, (Accepted/In press) In : Clinical Toxicology. 41 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

A case of accidental neonatal paracetamol overdose with prolonged half-life and measured metabolites

Abadier, M., Wong, A., Stathakis, P., Singsit, J., Pillay, M. & Graudins, A., 2 Dec 2019, In : Clinical Toxicology. 57, 12, p. 1154-1156 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


Clinical Toxicology MasterClass for Emergency Physicians

Andis Graudins (Organiser)

5 Jun 20177 Jun 2017

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesContribution to workshop, seminar, course

e-Therapeutic Guidelines (Journal)

Andis Graudins (Editorial board member)

27 Nov 20171 Aug 2018

Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditorial responsibility

Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine

Andis Graudins (Invited speaker)

22 Nov 2017

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesContribution to conference

Dutch North Sea Emergency Medicine Conference

Andis Graudins (Invited speaker)

8 Jun 2017

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesContribution to workshop, seminar, course

Clinical Toxicology Master Class

Andis Graudins (Speaker)

5 Jun 2017

Activity: Other Teaching Engagements and non-HDR SupervisionsExecutive education programs